mep drawings

Top 12 MEP Drawings to Support Design Build Stages

MEP drawings are a great support to the various design-build phases. BIM firms in USA start their designing work with MEP drawings to coordinate through the stages of conceptual, schematic, detail design and construction documentation from LOD 100 to LOD 500. Here we would discuss top MEP drawings that help to collaborate design-build process. However, before that, let’s take a quick look at “What are MEP Drawings?”.

What are MEP Drawings?

  • MEP drawings refer to the mechanical, electrical and plumbing parts of a building. 
  • These building drawings serve as a backbone to the construction project.
  • The MEP drawings enable effective collaboration amongst multiple engineering services. 

Let’s explore a few MEP Drawings used by BIM service providers in USA that help to resolve spatial issues amongst MEP components to be installed in a building.

Read more information on BIM Design-Build Solutions for MEP Firms

  • Electrical technical drawings
  • Electrical technical drawings are used to explain the design to electricians and other construction professionals for installing and repairing electrical systems. 
  • Electrical technical drawings provide the visual representation of electrical systems and circuits of a building. 
  • Underground MEP drawings
  • Underground MEP drawings are used for creating underground drainage, groundwork, etc. for subterranean buildings & structures like the museum, galleries, etc.
  • Underground drawings show the underground set-up of a building structure, including mechanical, electrical and plumbing components. 
  • Above coordination drawings
  • Above-ceiling coordination MEP drawings are used for the coordination of the MEP systems above the ceiling.
  • Above ceiling coordination drawings show work within building walls and mechanical spaces. 
  • Composite drawings
  • Composite drawings are used for identifying or eliminating a doubt.
  • Composite MEP drawings graphically illustrate manufacturer’s interfaces, maintenance & clearance for avoiding clashes amongst structural, mechanical and electrical services.
  • Coordinated MEP shop drawings
  • Coordinated MEP shop drawings are used for fabrication, installation, scheduling and other construction activities.
  • These building drawings allow smooth installation of ducts, HVAC and electrical equipment

Get to know more about MEP drawings using 3D BIM Model

  • Sheet metal detailing
  • Sheet metal detailing is used to craft the design of buildings, railroads, aerospace and other infrastructural facilities.
  • Sheet metal detail drawings help to shape material designs for various applications like welding, punching, plasma cutting, hydraulic brakes, laser cutting, etc.
  • Pipe fabrication drawings
  • Pipe fabrication drawings are used by MEP designers to stress analysis and produce shop fabrication and spool drawings.
  • Pipe fabrication drawings help to define the process of cutting, welding and bevelling pipe components like pipes, flanges, tees, elbows, etc. as per design documentation. 
  • HVAC & Ductwork drawings
  • HVAC and ductwork drawings are used in different types of buildings like industrial, commercial, residential, educational, etc. 
  • HVAC and ductwork drawings act as a cornerstone for accurate fabrication and installation of components like ducts, plumbing, piping, etc. and detailed building ventilation.
  • Plumbing Drawings
  • Plumbing drawings are used for showing the freshwater system in the building, waste elimination route and gas system.
  • Plumbing drawings help to assess the exact piping layout for installing mechanical units in a smooth way, for instance drainage, garbage disposal, waste carriers, etc.
  • Mechanical piping detailing
  • Mechanical piping detailing is used in construction for conveying fluids and gases from one location to the other.
  • These building drawings help to transport all liquids and gases throughout the building in an industrial process.

Check out more on the advantages of MEP Shop Drawings

  • Mechanical & HVAC detailed drawings
  • Mechanical & HVAC detailed drawings are used to show information about heating, ventilation, air conditioning and transportation around the construction site.
  • These drawings analyze the complex systems of a building by specifying duct layout, mechanical equipment location, diffuser location, cooling system, etc.
  • Equipment Placement Drawings
  • Equipment placement drawings are used in the MEP design build process to explain the details of the equipment placement.
  •  These construction drawings facilitate proper coordination between equipment layout and construction documentation.

These are the top 12 MEP drawings used by BIM services USA. BIM companies in USA are working with MEP shop drawings for accurate prefabrication and field installation. Revit modeling services provided by top BIM companies in USA enable the MEP design engineers to secure the installation process with accurate shop drawings creation. Get in touch with the best BIM consultants for MEP coordination services. To place an order for mechanical shop drawings, electrical drawings or any other MEP drawings using Revit BIM services, contact Tejjy Inc. at 202-465-4830 or [email protected]

Related Articles:

What are BIM MEP Plans?

Benefits of Revit MEP

Mechanical drawing services 

Is BIM required for MEP Engineers?


What are Construction Drawing Services?

3d shop drawings

Construction Drawing Services for building designs facilitate in automating, streamlining and organizing construction documentation process. Home builders along with architectural companies seek competent construction drawing services to resolve productivity problems.

It is found that most building projects end up with design rework, involving huge money and time. Sometimes, the costs of major civil engineering project can go up to 20%. The most common causes of rework include omissions, errors, operational changes, fabrication glitches and project enhancements. Seeking shop drawing services from a competent BIM company in USA facilitates construction documentation, resolving construction and design issues.

A variety of construction drawings are used in construction projects, including architectural drawings, structural, electrical, plumbing and mechanical shop drawings. These building drawings provide competent layout floor plans to convey the perspective of the designer to the layman at the site. The ‘detailing drawings’ point out the overall building appearance of the structure to find out accurate measurement.

5 major construction drawings 

1. Architectural Drawings

Architectural drawings are the primary drawings used for construction. All design details of the project like site plan, set out plan, elevations, sections, etc. are included in the architectural construction drawings. Some of the common architectural drawings provided by top construction company involve:

  • Site Plan – This primary drawing helps to mark out the plan on the ground. This helps to represent the location, orientation as well as the information regarding the topography, landscaping utilities and site work.
  • Working Plan – These working drawings in architecture provide the information of the horizontal dimensions of the building, wall thickness, clear spaces within the building as well as the column locations. Further, the work drawings show the openings of the building  doors, windows and ventilators.
  • Section Drawings – These drawing represent the construction of materials for the measurement of the building and structural components like slabs.  The drawing shows how the building is cut through a vertical plane.
  • Elevation Drawing – The drawings show the information about openings, shape of external surfaces as well as the building height. These are created for retaining an aesthetic view of the construction.

plumbing 3d drawing

2. Structural Engineering Drawings

Structural drawings form the backbone of building construction. These contain all information pertaining to the structural conflicts on a building, comprising of various drawings with minute details. Cost-effective engineering drawing services from a competent construction company enable accurate door and, window schedule, floor framing and material scheduling. Basic structural drawings encompass:

  • General Note Excavation Drawing – The drawing represents the dimensions of footing excavation, column position, footing plan as well as column grid lines.
  • Plinth Beam Plan – This structural drawing signifies the position, dimension and section of the plinth beam with the details of reinforcement in plinth beam.
  • Lintel Beam Design – This construction design drawing represents the dimension, location and sections of lintel beam and reinforcement details in lintel beam.
  • Roof Beam & Shuttering Arrangement- This is a representation of the details of reinforcement of roof beam, its section and shuttering details.
  • Roof Slab Layout – Here, the reinforcement details of roof slab, sections and openings in the roof for stairs and skylight are represented.

3. Mechanical Shop Drawings

BIM engineers produce the mechanical shop drawings to resolve clashes through duct re-routing, resizing and modifying elevations. Detailed shop drawings generated from the BIM model help in shop drawing installation and pre-fabrication.

  • Installation Drawings – Developed from coordinated detail drawings, installation drawings help to install mechanical parts. They are significant for complex installations of data centre, plant rooms, ventilation system, under-floor heating, etc.
  • Block-out Drawings – These drawings contain essential information about building assembly and are located towards the bottom of the drawings.
  • Sleeve, Insert, Hangar – Sleeve drawings help to insert sleeves on the pipe of your choice. Frame hangars complete design drawings for an industrial building with elevated crane.
  • Spool Drawings – These drawings act as a guide to plumbers for understanding what they are encountering. A pipe gets split into different sections called spool to furnish the information of all parts welded together in a shop on a single drawing.

4. Electrical Drawings

Electrical drawings show the details of the electrical fixtures, position of fan, light, switches, etc. The drawings also represent a load calculation, tapping of electricity, wiring and other interventions like AC and UPS as well as AC and its mechanisms. Examples of electrical BIM drawings include:

  • Electrical Power Layout – This shows the information about power, lighting as well as communication for an engineering project. The plot shows the building location and electrical wiring on every floor.
  • Sleeve Drawings – Sleeve in construction helps to access the material for a pipe or conduit wiring. To take an instance, the sleeves required to be placed in the walls before the placement of conduits.
  • Prefabrication drawings – Prefabricated electrical drawings integrate prefabricated mechanical and electrical components into a module for off site manufacturing.
  • Data cable and Fire Alarm drawings – Communications channels are permitted with cables, power-limited fire alarm cables and low-powered network broadband communications cables.

5. Plumbing Drawings

Plumbing drawings give the location of sanitary and other piping details for water supply as well as fixtures. These drawings represent the line size & location, hot-water capacities, drain locations and routing.

If you want to obtain MEP shop drawings, consult top BIM engineers in USA. The competent BIM consultants work with electrical layout plans. roof plan. ceiling plan and other construction drawings for architectural, mechanical, electrical and plumbing services. Discuss your construction design services and comprehend your complete construction details.

How Revit BIM Family Creation Caters Structural Engineers?

Revit BIM Family Creation

BIM consulting companies provide accurate and lucrative solutions for Structural Engineering firms. They specialize in virtual construction of 3D BIM models by using different types of inputs like contract documents, sketches, red markups and design documentation.

At the time of modeling, structural engineering team validate design for constructability of various wood, steel and concrete structures like column size, structural openings, beam depths and clashes. BIM companies match the international codes and structural standards as applicable for various projects. Quality controlled  process adopted by top structural steel detailing service providers help to document the standards and preference of clients for ensuring complete compliance.

What are the Revit BIM Family Creation for Structural Engineers?

Top Revit BIM services for structural engineers include structural design development and coordination, 3d modeling, construction drawing set creation and 5D BIM bill of materials.

Design Development & Coordination

Expert BIM consulting company assists structural engineering firms in DC, Maryland, Connecticut in the process of design development stage. Structural Revit BIM modelers understand their design-intent and provide value-added support with design evolution from conceptual or schematic to the stage of construction documentation.  They work with various inputs such as conceptual drawings, red-line mark-ups, single line diagrams and  translate the designers’ thought into 2d drawings or 3D models.

The various stages of design development and coordination include schematic design, detailed design and construction documentation. At the schematic design stage, the designer’s sketch interprets the desired functional relationship amongst various activities translated into Revit model. In the detail design stage, schematic designs are worked out in details. Construction documentation acts a bridge between design and physical form of the building, encompassing drawing preparations for the construction project.

3D Modeling

BIM consulting company uses Revit Modeling Services for proper planning and coordination of projects in an industry. Advancement in 3D Building Information Modeling has revolutionized the structural engineering services. BIM encompasses the use of coordinated 3D model by linking it to intelligent databases for a building project. Implementing BIM to structural steel detailing allows seamless collaboration, quick decision making, accurate construction documents and improved construction.

Models are also produced for accurate 3D Modeling of Wood, Steel & Concrete from approved structural drawings. 3d BIM services are used for structural steel detailing, design  and prefabrication. If you work in a BIM environment, you are able to easily manage complex structural design projects, such as wood framing and modeling.

Building Information Modeling also facilitates in producing reports for improving production. Some of the structural 3d BIM Models include concrete structures of buildings and tanks, wood structures, steel structures of pre-engineered buildings as well as pre-stressed and post-tensioned structures like parking garages.

Construction Documentation

Construction Documentation is another BIM service that acts a bridge between building design and physical building form. Revit BIM services encompass the preparation of drawings and specifications for the construction of building projects.

The Revit structural families in the models comprise of elements, accurate in terms of size, shape, location, quantity and orientation with fabrication, assembly and detailed information. Analysis performed at this stage includes Clash Detection, Sequencing & Cost.

5D BIM Bill of Materials

Building Information Modeling facilitates in accurately calculating the quantities of all materials for Structural Engineers. All these quantities get automatically updated whenever any modification is made to the BIM model.

5D BIM Bill of Material helps to make accurate cost estimation at the pre-construction stage planning, facilitating all project stakeholders to enhance productivity and execute constructability analysis. The structural engineers plan, prepare and update project schedules, improving the life-cycle performance of the facilities.


What are the Revit BIM Modeling components for Structural Engineers?

Let’s now take a look at the components of Revit structural family creation used by BIM consultants.

Here are some instances of Revit structural families:

  • Standard Foundations of Structural Steel Engineering – Wall Foundations, Grade Beams, Pile Caps, Footings, Trench, Base Plates
  • Special Foundations – Pile Foundations, Grade Beams, Grouting
  • Slab in Grade – Structural & Inclined Slab on Grade, Trenches, Pits, Bases, Under-Slab Drainage
  • Basement Walls – Basement Construction, Moisture Protection, Basement Wall Insulation
  • Floor Construction – Basement & Upper Floor Construction, Balcony Floor Construction, Exterior Stairs, Fire Escapes
  • Roof Construction – Flat & Pitched Roof Construction, Canopy, Equipment Pads
  • Exterior Walls – Parapets, Louvers, Screens, Balcony Walls, Handrails, Exterior Soffits
  • Exterior Windows & Doors – Curtain Wall, Glazed Door, Entrance, Solid, Revolving, Overhead & Personnel Doors
  • Roof Coverings & Openings – Roof Finishes, Coping, Roof Eaves, Soffits, Gutters, Downspouts, Skylights, Glazing, Roof Hatches, Vents
  • Partitions  – Fixed, Site Built Toilet Partitions & Compartment Cubicles, Interior Windows
  • Interior Doors – Interior Door Frames, Wall Opening Elements, Sidelights, Hatch & Access Doors
  • Fittings – Fabricated Toilet Partitions, Compartments, Cubicles, Storage Shelving,  Lockers, Metals, Handrails, Water Closet, Sink
  • Stair & Stair Finishes – Stair Treads, Risers, Landings, Handrails
  • Floor Finishes – Floor Toppings, Carpeting, Curbs, Trim, Skirting
  • Ceiling Finishes – Ceiling Finishes, Suspended Ceilings & Soffit
  • Elevators & Lifts – Passenger & Freight Elevators, People & Wheelchair Lifts
  • Escalators & Moving Walks – Escalators, Moving Walks

Where to get Revit Structural Family Creation?


If you want to get revit family creation, choose one of the best structural steel engineering firm – Tejjy Inc. The structural engineers of Tejjy Inc. integrate Building Information Modeling data with procurement, document management, project management, budget evaluation and project risk management with Revit BIM services. Expert BIM consultants of Tejjy Inc. make comprehensive analysis of detailed structural components such as beams, columns and floors and deliver project in a risk-free environment. Get in touch with the BIM consulting company in DC, Maryland, Connecticut at 202-465-4830 or [email protected] to build residential, commercial and infrastructural facilities through Revit Modeling services.